Tag: 上海黄浦高档桑拿

Memorial service scheduled for James Stemble Duesenberry April 8

Memorial service scheduled for James Stemble Duesenberry April 8

first_imgA service in memory of James Stemble Duesenberry, the William Joseph Maier Professor of Money and Banking Emeritus, will take place at the Memorial Church on April 8 at 2 p.m. A reception will follow at Loeb House at 17 Quincy St. All are welcome to attend.Duesenberry, who died Oct. 5, 2009, was an authority on monetary policy and served as a member of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers under Lyndon B. Johnson from 1966 to 1968. He was also the chair of the Department of Economics at Harvard from 1972 to 1977.last_img

How caffeine changed the world

How caffeine changed the world

first_imgAudible · [Audible Exclusive] Caffeine written and performed by Michael Pollan Chasing the caffeine high And the mental edge provided by caffeine helped transform work, he said, by improving focus and the ability to concentrate ­­— keys to the safety and success of the machine-based labor that powered the Industrial Revolution as well as every generation since. Pollan calls the coffee break, created in the U.S. in the 1940s as a way to increase worker output, “the best evidence of caffeine’s gift to capitalism.”“It’s amazing that we’ve institutionalized a drug for the express purpose of improving productivity and quality control, but so we have,” said Pollan.In the end, where did Pollan finally land on his own caffeine intake? He made a compromise with himself, he said, only having coffee on Saturdays, or when he is in real need of that mental boost. He acknowledges it is “not an addiction that troubles me.”The author also encouraged his listeners to try to kick their caffeine habit, if only temporarily, by tapering down slowly to avoid withdrawal symptoms. “The first cup after you’ve been off is the best way to reacquaint yourself with what a powerful drug it is,” said Pollan, who plans to include his work on caffeine in a print book featuring three psychoactive plants. It is tentatively titled “This Is Your Brain on Plants.”And we just might have to get used to having less caffeine in our lives in the future. According to some estimates, said Pollan, because of climate change, by the middle of the century 50 percent of the land currently growing coffee plants will “no longer be suitable for coffee production.” Researchers link caffeine’s impact on brain chemicals as playing key role It is the world’s most-used drug, one many of us simply refuse to live without, opting for addiction over the loss of that first, or second, or in some cases third cup that gets us through the day.And now its seductive powers, its dark history, its health benefits, and its harmful side effects are on full display in best-selling author Michael Pollan’s new audiobook “Caffeine: How Coffee and Tea Created the Modern World.”The Lewis K. Chan Arts Lecturer and Professor of the Practice of Non-Fiction has made a career of writing about how the things we consume affect our lives, our health, and our planet (“The Omnivore’s Dilemma,” “How to Change your Mind: What the New Science of Psychedelics Teaches Us About Consciousness, Dying, Addiction, Depression, and Transcendence”). He discussed his latest effort with Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study Dean Tomiko Brown-Nagin during a Tuesday Zoom talk.Pollan, who worked on his psychedelics book while a Radcliffe fellow, said he has been obsessed with “this reciprocal relationship we have with plants” and with certain plants’ ability “to change the textures of our experiences of the world” for years. Crafting a piece on caffeine had long been on his to-do list, he said, but he was unaware it would require a precious sacrifice.As he has done in his earlier work, Pollan became a human test subject for his art, giving up coffee, or more specifically, caffeine, while he worked on the new book in order to truly appreciate its effects on the human body and mind. He said his story’s narrative “demanded it.” Yet, as anyone who has dropped the stimulant from their diet knows, it wasn’t easy.In his book Pollan recounts the day he finally decided to forgo his routine morning cup, recalling how the “lovely dispersal of the mental fog that the first hit of caffeine ushers into consciousness never arrived. The fog settled over me and would not budge.”,Pollan said he didn’t fully understand how addicted he was to the drug — also known by its scientific name: 1, 3, 7-trimethylxanthine — until he got off it. All the symptoms of caffeine withdrawal were there, he noted, including headaches, fatigue, and perhaps most insidious for a writer trying to tell a compelling story, difficulty concentrating.As his work progressed, he also realized that because caffeine is so ubiquitous — more than 90 percent of people on the planet consume it daily, and we even regularly allow children to have the drug in the form of soda ­— constant personal caffeination “has simply become baseline human consciousness.”During the talk Pollan delved into the science, discussing how the tiny caffeine molecule acts on the central nervous system by suppressing the neuromodulator adenosine that helps make us sleepy. Caffeine, one-quarter of which can stay in your system for up to 12 hours, then becomes the solution to the problem it creates, he said, making people who are sleep-deprived from their caffeine consumption the day before eager for a morning hit to charge them up for the day ahead.Pollan explains in a section of the audiobook on the substance’s origins that caffeine was first discovered in China around 1000 B.C. in the form of tea. The discovery of coffee is traced to Ethiopia around 850 A.D. According to the legend, a herder who noticed how jumpy his goats got after eating the berries of an arabica plant gave some of the berries to a local monk, who used them to concoct the world’s first cup of coffee. As time went on, caffeine’s history took a dark turn. Growers and sellers built the industry on the backs of enslaved people forced to harvest both the coffee beans and the sugar needed to sweeten the bitter drink that had become increasingly popular in the West. Health benefits a recurring theme in Harvard research With Cabot Café, budding entrepreneur found startup success the old-fashioned way How coffee loves us back The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news. In his work, Pollan addresses the question of whether caffeine has been a boon or bane to human civilization. He concludes that the price has been undeniably high, possibly too high, with its historical connections to a brutal system of production and the back-breaking work involved in growing and harvesting coffee that continues today. Then there is the havoc it wreaks on our sleep — particularly the deep, slow-wave sleep that is critical to memory.But Pollan highlights the positives as well. He notes that before there were ready supplies of potable water, boiled beverages, like coffee or tea, “were the safest thing a person could drink,” with the most commonly available alternative being alcohol. He also points out the continuing health benefits attributed to caffeine and confirmed by the science. Taken in moderation, coffee and tea can decrease the risk of several cancers, as well cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes, and Parkinson’s disease.He also suggests that the consumption of caffeinated drinks even might have helped societies that embraced them to thrive. According to Pollan, caffeine drove a kind of “Enlightenment thinking.” The coffee houses that stretched first across the Arab world and eventually Europe became not only the internet of their day, spreading gossip and news, but also centers of discussion that fostered important cultural, political, and scientific exchanges and helped usher in a “new spirit of rationalism.”,Related Coffee drinking tied to lower risk of suicidelast_img read more

Gobernador Wolf: El Congreso y el USDA deben tomar medidas para ayudar a la seguridad alimentaria durante la pandemia de COVID-19

Gobernador Wolf: El Congreso y el USDA deben tomar medidas para ayudar a la seguridad alimentaria durante la pandemia de COVID-19

first_img SHARE Email Facebook Twitter Español,  Press Release,  Public Health El Gobernador Tom Wolf envió hoy una carta a los miembros de la delegación del Congreso de Pennsylvania que solicita que el Congreso tome medidas legislativas urgentes con el fin de garantizar el acceso al Programa de Asistencia Nutricional Suplementaria (SNAP, por sus siglas en inglés) a quienes lo necesiten ahora y durante los meses de recuperación que vendrán.El Departamento de Agricultura de los Estados Unidos (USDA, por sus siglas en inglés) recibió una carta similar solicitando reconsiderar las interpretaciones de SNAP hechas por el Servicio de Alimentos y Nutrición (FNS, por sus siglas en inglés) del USDA, que rechazó la solicitud de Pennsylvania de permitir que los estudiantes universitarios se incluyan para el beneficio de su hogar y determinó que la compensación por desempleo pandémico por tiempo limitado se contaría como ingreso, descalificando potencialmente a los hogares que de otro modo habrían calificado para recibir el beneficio.“Muchos residentes de Pennsylvania ahora enfrentan situaciones económicas extremadamente desafiantes debido a la pandemia”, escribió el Gobernador Wolf. “Pennsylvania necesita tener todas las herramientas posibles para apoyar a nuestros ciudadanos más vulnerables. Es por eso que exhortamos al Congreso a tomar medidas rápidas para garantizar el acceso al Programa de Asistencia Nutricional Suplementaria (SNAP) para que los residentes de Pennsylvania tengan suficientes alimentos durante toda la crisis de COVID-19. Apreciamos que el Congreso y el Departamento de Agricultura de los Estados Unidos (USDA) hayan brindado cierta flexibilidad para el SNAP, pero es necesario hacer más para ayudar a los residentes de Pennsylvania a hacer frente las difíciles semanas que vendrán”.La Administración Wolf ha presentado numerosas exenciones relacionadas con el Programa de Asistencia Nutricional Suplementaria (SNAP) para Pennsylvania al Servicio de Alimentos y Nutrición (FNS). A Pennsylvania se le ha permitido suspender ciertos requisitos reglamentarios para brindar flexibilidad a la administración del Programa de Asistencia Nutricional Suplementaria (SNAP) del estado y proporcionar asignaciones de emergencia a algunos hogares que actualmente pertenecen al programa.Estas exenciones permiten el acceso más simple al programa y mayores beneficios para las familias que dependen de él. Sin embargo, es necesario hacer más. El Servicio de Alimentos y Nutrición (FNS) ha negado las exenciones que habrían permitido a Pennsylvania:Permitir que los hogares de bajos ingresos con un alumno que asiste a una institución de educación superior reciban beneficios adicionales del Programa de Asistencia Nutricional Suplementaria (SNAP). Las normas actuales del SNAP no permiten que los alumnos universitarios se incluyan al momento de determinar el beneficio mensual de SNAP de un grupo familiar. Ahora que los alumnos están en casa, es posible que estas familias no tengan los recursos económicos o de alimentos para apoyar a otros integrantes de la familia que ahora están en casa.Hacer pagos adicionales del Programa de Asistencia Nutricional Suplementaria (SNAP) a todos los hogares inscritos. Anteriormente, Pennsylvania solicitó autorización para efectuar un pago adicional que sea igual al beneficio de un mes para todos los hogares que cuentan con el SNAP. El Servicio de Alimentos y Nutrición (FNS) interpretó que la Ley Familias Primero de Respuesta al Coronavirus significaba un pago adicional que llevaría a los hogares el máximo beneficio mensual. Sin embargo, esta interpretación significa que los hogares que actualmente reciben el beneficio mensual máximo (40 % de los hogares que pertenecen al Programa de Asistencia Nutricional Suplementaria de Pennsylvania) no recibieran asistencia adicional. La ampliación de los pagos de emergencia ayudaría a trasladar en mayor medida la demanda del sistema alimentario de emergencia a las tiendas de alimentos, lo que resultaría en un apoyo directo a la economía minorista y agrícola de Pennsylvania que enfrenta dificultades.El Departamento de Servicios Humanos (DHS, por sus siglas en inglés) también ha solicitado aclaraciones respecto de los ajustes operativos necesarios para administrar el Programa de Asistencia Nutricional Suplementaria (SNAP) durante la pandemia. El gobierno federal no ha dado instrucciones a los estados sobre cómo verificar las reducciones de ingresos, en oposición a la pérdida total de empleos, debido a la emergencia de salud a causa de la COVID-19. Esta guía es necesaria para que las solicitudes puedan procesarse como corresponde.La Administración Wolf también solicitó que se permita a Pennsylvania excluir la Compensación por desempleo pandémico del cálculo del beneficio de las subvenciones del SNAP. Esto no se cuenta como ingreso para Medicaid o los programas de Asistencia Temporal para Familias Necesitadas (TANF, por sus siglas en inglés), sino para el Programa de Asistencia Temporal para Familias Necesitadas (SNAP). Contar este pago a corto plazo como un pago regular crearía una carga administrativa que podría provocar que se retire a los hogares del SNAP por un período corto y que puedan volver a ser elegibles cuando finalicen los pagos. Esto crearía una confusión innecesaria y la pérdida de beneficios para los hogares que eran elegibles para el SNAP antes de perder su empleo.“El SNAP es el programa de seguridad alimentaria más importante de la nación: proporciona nueve comidas por cada comida que proporciona un banco de alimentos”, dijo la Secretaria del Departamento de Servicios Humanos, Teresa Miller. “Mientras atravesamos este momento difícil, debemos estar seguros de que podemos aprovechar el programa SNAP plenamente para ayudar a los residentes de Pennsylvania a alimentarse a sí mismos y a sus familias. Es crucial que el Congreso y el USDA reconozcan el potencial de SNAP para ayudar a estabilizar tanto a los hogares necesitados como a las tiendas de alimentos y minoristas y apoyar el acceso a SNAP para quienes más lo necesitan”.El DHS continúa procesando solicitudes para el SNAP y alienta a las personas solas y familias que necesitan asistencia a realizar la solicitud en Internet en www.compass.state.pa.us. Las solicitudes de emergencia para el SNAP pueden ser expedidas en cinco días, y todos los residentes de Pennsylvania que se encuentren en una situación financiera difícil debido a los retos económicos de esta pandemia deben presentar una solicitud para saber si son elegibles para recibir asistencia.Los residentes de Pennsylvania que necesitan ayuda para alimentarse a sí mismos o a su familia también pueden encontrar y comunicarse con su banco de alimentos o despensa local a través de Feeding Pennsylvania (Alimentando a Pennsylvania) y de Hunger-Free Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania sin hambre) para acceder a los recursos de alimentos en su comunidad.Visite pa.gov para obtener la guía “Responding to COVID-19” (Respuesta a la COVID-19) o la página de Internet dedicada al coronavirus del Departamento de Salud de Pennsylvania para obtener la información más actualizada sobre la COVID-19.La guía para los proveedores de DHS relacionada con la COVID-19 está disponible aquí.Vea la carta del Gobernador a la delegación del Congreso en PDF aquí o en Scribd.Vea la carta del Gobernador al Departamento de Agricultura de los Estados Unidos en PDF aquí o en Scribd.Ver esta página en inglés. Gobernador Wolf: El Congreso y el USDA deben tomar medidas para ayudar a la seguridad alimentaria durante la pandemia de COVID-19center_img April 28, 2020last_img read more

Lakers’ Kobe Bryant, Celtics’ Rajon Rondo talk basketball over breakfast

Lakers’ Kobe Bryant, Celtics’ Rajon Rondo talk basketball over breakfast

first_imgBOSTON >> The two men once faced each other in physically intense battles that both defined the Lakers-Celtics rivalry and determined NBA championships. But on Thursday morning, there Lakers guard Kobe Bryant and Celtics guard Rajon Rondo sat together for breakfast at The Paramount in Beacon Hill.“It was delicious,” said Bryant, though the breakfast involved more than just enjoying toast and orange juice. Bryant joked he and Rondo had a “mutual intervention” surrounding their respective team struggles. In reality, Bryant reported having a “basketball geek conversation” that entailed revisiting the Lakers and Celtics trading NBA titles in 2008 and 2010. Bryant’s nostalgia quickly turned to sarcasm when he was asked what he thinks of Rondo as a future teammate once he becomes an unrestricted free agent this offseason. “We get along extremely well and see the game in similar fashion in terms of our aggressiveness and mind-set,” Bryant said. “It’s good to get together with him.”Lakers coach Byron Scott couldn’t fathom the idea of having dinner with a Celtics player during his time with the Lakers during their Showtime Era. “I’m still real old school,” Scott said. “I don’t have breakfast with Danny (Ainge) and all those guys.”Scott spoke too soon. Ainge, the Celtics president of basketball operations, interrupted Scott’s post-game press conference and asked, Byron, wanna do breakfast in the morning?“When you come to L.A. Danny,” Scott responded, “we’ll go to breakfast.” But when he played, Scott believed the personal animosity toward the Celtics enhanced his performance. “You do have to have a certain dislike for your opponent to go out there and try to kill him and beat him,” Scott said. “We looked at ourselves as our family. Anyone out of that circle was an enemy.”But in a few months, perhaps Rondo could morph from a Lakers’ enemy to a Lakers’ star. “I’ve never thought about having any future teammates before,” Bryant said before the Lakers’ 113-96 loss on Friday to the Celtics at TD Garden.Rondo offered similar sarcasm, saying, “He called me an (expletive), and I said the same thing. Just two (expletive) having breakfast.” The Celtics could trade Rondo before the Feb. 19, 2015 trade deadline to receive assets instead of allowing their star point guard to leave next summer for nothing. But a deal involving the Lakers seems complicated. The Lakers owe one first-round draft pick to Phoenix as part of the Steve Nash trade two years ago, assuming they do not land a top-five pick. The Lakers have also acquired a draft pick as part of the Jeremy Lin trade from Houston, which dumped salary to pursue Chris Bosh. But the Lakers will have enough cap room this summer to sign Rondo, who makes $12.9 million and averages 8.3 points, 10.9 assists and 7.4 rebounds per game. Bryant maintained he did not recruit Rondo during breakfast. But the Lakers’ star called Rondo “extremely intelligent.” Bryant praised Rondo’s playmaking and also gushed how he could rebound despite being listed at 6-foot-1.center_img Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Errorlast_img read more